Six Types of shot

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Six Types of shot

Post by SeekHer » Mon Aug 18, 2008 10:23 pm

There are six types of shot in general use:

1. Dead soft lead: This is the standard loading, consisting of dead soft round lead balls; typically 9-12 in 00 buck 2-3/4”

2. Copper plated lead: Lower toxicity with a harder surface. These loads spread slightly more, and do not deform as much on impact

3. Solid copper shot: This is a low toxicity shot, usually only used in BB size or smaller. It is almost exclusively used for Waterfowling. This shot is substantially less dense than lead shot, and spreads to a far greater degree. It is almost always loaded in 3"shells, to compensate for the lower density with higher volume.

4. Steel shot: This is shot specifically intended for Waterfowling; which may or may not be plated with brass, copper, or some other coating. This spreads out more than lead, but less than copper, and does not deform on impact. It is also usually loaded in 3” shells.

5. Bismuth shot: Another non toxic shot type, this is often used in spreader loads, as square or rectangular shot which spreads out more aerodynamically, or with special wads. Some states specify bismuth shot only for Waterfowling. This is also used mostly in 3” shells

6. Tungsten: This is non-toxic shot which is actually heavier and denser than lead. It produces extremely tight patterns unless spreader loads are used. It is VERY expensive (appx. 3 times the cost of standard shells), but also very effective. This is probably the best non-toxic alternative shot to lead for Waterfowling purposes in states that require such.

Taken from a Gun Thing article written by Chris Byrne...

Submitted by SeekHer

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Re: Six Types of shot

Post by SoupOrMan » Thu Aug 21, 2008 3:16 pm

Is it the tungsten or the steel shot that requires a plastic sleeve to keep the barrel from being damaged?
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Re: Six Types of shot

Post by HTRN » Sun Aug 24, 2008 9:41 pm

It depends on the gun - most guns made in the last 40 years have very hard barrels and/or chromeplated bores. These are perfectly safe to shoot both Tungsten and Steel. Otherwise, bismuth is the way to go.

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Re: Six Types of shot

Post by randy » Mon Aug 25, 2008 12:34 am

...even before I read MHI, my response to seeing a poster for the stars of the latest Twilight movies was "I see 2 targets and a collaborator".

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